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New addictions

New addictions

If you rely on common beliefs in society, you can be addicted to everything. From cosmetic treatments to crocheting. So where do innocent pleasures end and a serious problem begins? Can you get addicted to sunbathing, cell phone, internet and shopping?

The problem associated with all addictions is the compulsion to give in to specific habits or behaviors. Initially, in order to get pleasure, with time rather to counteract the discomfort arising from the so-called withdrawal syndrome. This is not a compulsion that can be combated, e.g. by focusing on other interests. The brain, accustomed to receiving certain stimuli, demands them with persistence that prevents normal functioning. Everything, literally everything, evokes associations with the subject of search. Symptoms occurring in withdrawal syndrome are the reverse of those experienced “under the influence”, so instead of previous euphoria, irritability, anxiety and fatal mood appear, often leading to loss of control – addiction treatment in Cape Town.

Then all harmful effects are insignificant, the only goal is to get this something. Dresses, steroids, orgasm, new emails. Over time, the needs increase (the phenomenon of tolerance) and buying one dress may not be enough to make you feel great. Whether a person is addicted or not is determined by many variables, e.g. genetic predisposition, family experience, circumstances and a number of other environmental factors. In addition, the addictive potential of a given substance, individual psychological resistance, having healthy defense mechanisms and ability to cope with stress (constructive release of tension) are important.
Two schools of addiction

One says that any substance or activity that modifies your mental state is addictive. Proponents of this approach not only alcohol, but also coffee or tea are considered dangerous psychoactive substances. The second school says that the term ‘addiction’ is used unreasonably in the case of simple substance abuse. According to them, withdrawal syndrome or tolerance do not determine addiction, because there are physical (perceived by them as pseudo-dependence) and chemical addictions. Network hololism It is estimated that 6 to 14 percent of internet users are affected. Studies have shown that this addiction can manifest itself differently, depending on whether the person is more willing to spend time on social networks or persistently looking for information. Other typical areas of activity are: chats over the internet, virtual games (e.g. Second Life), virtual gambling, pornography, permanent e-mail exchange, blogs or hacking. Treatment is difficult, if only because netoholists prefer virtual contacts rather than direct contacts.

In addition, ( Recovery Direct in South Africa ), the requirement of total Internet abstinence today is able to prevent or significantly impair professional life. For this reason, therapy usually aims to change the way you use the internet. It can be helpful to install an alarm in your computer that enforces keeping to a detailed schedule of the day, using the computer with loved ones, with breaks, saving all your activities and time spent on them, exercising, relaxing, talking about problems with loved ones, extending breaks, etc. Boosters In the last The number of substances and impulses leading to addiction has increased significantly for 30 years. Today’s users come from all social strata, and the age of the first drug experiments is also decreasing.

Cannabis is destigmatized and year after year there are more and more proponents of its legalization. The decrease in interest in “classic” drugs is accompanied by a fascination with their substitutes, such as legal highs and some drugs. The widespread interest in paranotics (afterburners), which are tested on consumers, is worrying, although in some cases their use is associated with the need for medical intervention. Contrary to the producer’s assurances, they are not based on traditional herbal blends, yet they are still obtainable, and their users are not aware of health threats, or consciously ignore them.

Meanwhile, pure drugs are fiction. After examining the amphetamine offered on the market, it was found that 70-73 percent of the portions are fillers such as flour, ground glass, talc or strychnine. It is similar with legal highs.

Unfortunately: often artificial, i.e. narcotic, stimulation of centers in the brain gives stronger and faster effects than natural (e.g. endorphins after running).

Workaholic

Workaholism (about 5 percent of the population) is the only addiction that enjoys respect and respect from the public. It is commonly associated with diligence, commitment to a career and professional success. For an addict, work is a recipe for reducing anxiety and tension, and at the same time a way to increase self-esteem. As a perfectionist, he is never entirely satisfied with the results of his actions. One of the first symptoms of workaholism is a loss of sense of time. As a result, overtime is extended, and promises made to loved ones have no chance of being fulfilled. The image of a Polish workaholic who emerges from research, shows a person spending more than earns, for whom money is very important, experiencing chronic stress, which he cannot constructively discharge. Her long hours spent at work or constant thinking about her do not always translate into effects.

In every work there are situations that require staying after hours. Fears should be raised when someone thinks about work obsessively, regardless of where they are or their activities, their functioning is worse in the family, and leisure and any non-professional activity is a waste of time. The Japanese have two terms to describe the extreme version of workaholism: karoshi (death from overwork) and karo-jisatsu (work suicide). The conducted research indicates that the risk of karoshi increases in the event of too high requirements, a sense of little control over your own work and in the absence of social support.

Shopaholic

Marilyn Monroe used to say money didn’t bring happiness; just shopping. Many women confirm the truth of this statement, treating buying the best way of spending free time. The fact that shopaholism primarily concerns women is at least partly due to the social role that is attributed to the “fair sex.” From an early age, girls hear that a woman should “look” and be well-groomed.

In the case of ladies, these terms do not mean clean and tidy, because it is self-evident, but feminine and fashionable. And here the problem arises, because fashion changes quite often. Women most often feel compelled to buy items for beautification, such as clothes, cosmetics, shoes, and jewelry. Men also impulsively buy, except that the object of their desire is a different group of products – cells, laptops, cars or sports equipment. As ladies care about emphasizing the qualities of appearance, men, in a way by nature, strive to demonstrate power and prestige.

The main manifestations of shopaholism are: buying on impulse something that is not necessary, but regulates the emotional state, the inability to refrain from buying despite awareness of serious consequences, e.g. debt, and the need to hide from the loved ones the fact of purchase or its price.
Bigorexia (Adonis Syndrome)

This is a problem mainly for men. It manifests itself in excessive concentration on the appearance of the figure. Permanent sitting in the gym, supplements, diet, nutrients – the goal is any action that can result in an increase in muscle mass. Those suffering from bigorexia seem to ignore the fact that the muscle mass model is largely genetically determined and changes above certain parameters are impossible to achieve, even if you exercise a lot. Thanks to anabolic steroids and a proper (high-protein) diet, they try to achieve the perfect – in their opinion – figure. Some even opt for silicone muscle implants. Signals that may indicate Adonis Syndrome include, for example, notorious measuring yourself, very intense daily workouts, disturbed body image, problems with its acceptance, avoidance of people, neglect of duties.

orthorexia nervosa

It comes from the Greek word ortho – correct and orexis – appetite. It comes down to being obsessed with a healthy diet based on the highest quality products. Ortorektyk has his “only right” ways to produce, prepare and even consume food. Any nutritional compromises are out of the question. Rather, he will give up participation in an event where, he supposes, unhealthy snacks will be served, rather than risk eating something inappropriate.

As a result, he either tries to impose his eating beliefs on others, resulting in conflicts, or stays mainly in his own company, reconciling himself with isolation. Treating more than seriously the requirement for healthy eating and a good knowledge of nutrients, calories etc. do not mean that the orthoretic diet is properly balanced. The elimination of any products potentially containing harmful ingredients (such as improvers, pesticides or preservatives) from the menu significantly depletes the diet, causing serious deficiencies. everyone who, as a result of internal coercion, devotes many hours a day to planning and preparing meals, constantly analyzes health fitness, putting food quality over taste and pleasure in every case, and restaurants are evil.
tanning addiction

Tanning addiction. For a person suffering from tanorexia, pale skin means unhealthy and unattractive at the same time. The logical consequence of this belief is going to the beach or to the solarium to get a beautiful golden skin tone. Over time, the frequency of visits to the solarium increases, as does the time spent sunbathing. To convince a tanoreticist or tanorektyka that he is sufficiently tanned borders on the impossible, because such people have a distorted image of their own body. The effect is excessively dry and prematurely aged skin. Although there have long been warnings about the relationship between skin cancer and sunbathing (US studies say 90 percent of this type of cancer is due to excessive exposure to harmful radiation), tanorectics do not acknowledge them.

Chocolate connoisseurs say that it helps them function more efficiently, prevents hypoglycemia, and increases the culture of dendrites. At the beginning of the 18th century, when chocolate arrived in Poland, it was considered a broad-based medicine. She was supposed to help with rheumatism, sleep problems, throat, rheumatism, potency and even cholera or dysentery. Over time, its heavenly taste was appreciated, but the high price (400 grams cost as much as 12-20 liters of good quality vodka) reserved a drink for a small group of aristocrats. According to scientists, when eating chocolate, the same area is activated in the brain as in the case of addiction, i.e. reward system. Research indicates that the cause is probably the psychostimulatory effect of methylxanthines, which contain cocoa beans. The transition from occasional sweet snacks to systematic replacement of meals with chocolate and situations in which malaise, irritability and lack of energy (intensified to the extent that hinders social roles) pass almost immediately after eating a chocolate bar should be worrying.

Addictions or obsessions?

Some authors propose to consider bigorexia, orthorexia or tanorexia in terms of obsessive compulsive disorder, but many believe that giving them the official status of addiction is only a matter of time. Problems with self-diagnosis They result from a number of defense mechanisms that affect the way events are interpreted, becoming the source of many cognitive errors. Therefore, in case of suspicions, it is best to visit a specialist who, based on the interview, tests, family history and psychological conversation, will assess: whether and to what extent the problem of addiction concerns us.

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