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Monthly ArchiveAugust 2019

New addictions

If you rely on common beliefs in society, you can be addicted to everything. From cosmetic treatments to crocheting. So where do innocent pleasures end and a serious problem begins? Can you get addicted to sunbathing, cell phone, internet and shopping?

The problem associated with all addictions is the compulsion to give in to specific habits or behaviors. Initially, in order to get pleasure, with time rather to counteract the discomfort arising from the so-called withdrawal syndrome. This is not a compulsion that can be combated, e.g. by focusing on other interests. The brain, accustomed to receiving certain stimuli, demands them with persistence that prevents normal functioning. Everything, literally everything, evokes associations with the subject of search. Symptoms occurring in withdrawal syndrome are the reverse of those experienced “under the influence”, so instead of previous euphoria, irritability, anxiety and fatal mood appear, often leading to loss of control – addiction treatment in Cape Town.

Then all harmful effects are insignificant, the only goal is to get this something. Dresses, steroids, orgasm, new emails. Over time, the needs increase (the phenomenon of tolerance) and buying one dress may not be enough to make you feel great. Whether a person is addicted or not is determined by many variables, e.g. genetic predisposition, family experience, circumstances and a number of other environmental factors. In addition, the addictive potential of a given substance, individual psychological resistance, having healthy defense mechanisms and ability to cope with stress (constructive release of tension) are important.
Two schools of addiction

One says that any substance or activity that modifies your mental state is addictive. Proponents of this approach not only alcohol, but also coffee or tea are considered dangerous psychoactive substances. The second school says that the term ‘addiction’ is used unreasonably in the case of simple substance abuse. According to them, withdrawal syndrome or tolerance do not determine addiction, because there are physical (perceived by them as pseudo-dependence) and chemical addictions. Network hololism It is estimated that 6 to 14 percent of internet users are affected. Studies have shown that this addiction can manifest itself differently, depending on whether the person is more willing to spend time on social networks or persistently looking for information. Other typical areas of activity are: chats over the internet, virtual games (e.g. Second Life), virtual gambling, pornography, permanent e-mail exchange, blogs or hacking. Treatment is difficult, if only because netoholists prefer virtual contacts rather than direct contacts.

In addition, ( Recovery Direct in South Africa ), the requirement of total Internet abstinence today is able to prevent or significantly impair professional life. For this reason, therapy usually aims to change the way you use the internet. It can be helpful to install an alarm in your computer that enforces keeping to a detailed schedule of the day, using the computer with loved ones, with breaks, saving all your activities and time spent on them, exercising, relaxing, talking about problems with loved ones, extending breaks, etc. Boosters In the last The number of substances and impulses leading to addiction has increased significantly for 30 years. Today’s users come from all social strata, and the age of the first drug experiments is also decreasing.

Cannabis is destigmatized and year after year there are more and more proponents of its legalization. The decrease in interest in “classic” drugs is accompanied by a fascination with their substitutes, such as legal highs and some drugs. The widespread interest in paranotics (afterburners), which are tested on consumers, is worrying, although in some cases their use is associated with the need for medical intervention. Contrary to the producer’s assurances, they are not based on traditional herbal blends, yet they are still obtainable, and their users are not aware of health threats, or consciously ignore them.

Meanwhile, pure drugs are fiction. After examining the amphetamine offered on the market, it was found that 70-73 percent of the portions are fillers such as flour, ground glass, talc or strychnine. It is similar with legal highs.

Unfortunately: often artificial, i.e. narcotic, stimulation of centers in the brain gives stronger and faster effects than natural (e.g. endorphins after running).


Workaholism (about 5 percent of the population) is the only addiction that enjoys respect and respect from the public. It is commonly associated with diligence, commitment to a career and professional success. For an addict, work is a recipe for reducing anxiety and tension, and at the same time a way to increase self-esteem. As a perfectionist, he is never entirely satisfied with the results of his actions. One of the first symptoms of workaholism is a loss of sense of time. As a result, overtime is extended, and promises made to loved ones have no chance of being fulfilled. The image of a Polish workaholic who emerges from research, shows a person spending more than earns, for whom money is very important, experiencing chronic stress, which he cannot constructively discharge. Her long hours spent at work or constant thinking about her do not always translate into effects.

In every work there are situations that require staying after hours. Fears should be raised when someone thinks about work obsessively, regardless of where they are or their activities, their functioning is worse in the family, and leisure and any non-professional activity is a waste of time. The Japanese have two terms to describe the extreme version of workaholism: karoshi (death from overwork) and karo-jisatsu (work suicide). The conducted research indicates that the risk of karoshi increases in the event of too high requirements, a sense of little control over your own work and in the absence of social support.


Marilyn Monroe used to say money didn’t bring happiness; just shopping. Many women confirm the truth of this statement, treating buying the best way of spending free time. The fact that shopaholism primarily concerns women is at least partly due to the social role that is attributed to the “fair sex.” From an early age, girls hear that a woman should “look” and be well-groomed.

In the case of ladies, these terms do not mean clean and tidy, because it is self-evident, but feminine and fashionable. And here the problem arises, because fashion changes quite often. Women most often feel compelled to buy items for beautification, such as clothes, cosmetics, shoes, and jewelry. Men also impulsively buy, except that the object of their desire is a different group of products – cells, laptops, cars or sports equipment. As ladies care about emphasizing the qualities of appearance, men, in a way by nature, strive to demonstrate power and prestige.

The main manifestations of shopaholism are: buying on impulse something that is not necessary, but regulates the emotional state, the inability to refrain from buying despite awareness of serious consequences, e.g. debt, and the need to hide from the loved ones the fact of purchase or its price.
Bigorexia (Adonis Syndrome)

This is a problem mainly for men. It manifests itself in excessive concentration on the appearance of the figure. Permanent sitting in the gym, supplements, diet, nutrients – the goal is any action that can result in an increase in muscle mass. Those suffering from bigorexia seem to ignore the fact that the muscle mass model is largely genetically determined and changes above certain parameters are impossible to achieve, even if you exercise a lot. Thanks to anabolic steroids and a proper (high-protein) diet, they try to achieve the perfect – in their opinion – figure. Some even opt for silicone muscle implants. Signals that may indicate Adonis Syndrome include, for example, notorious measuring yourself, very intense daily workouts, disturbed body image, problems with its acceptance, avoidance of people, neglect of duties.

orthorexia nervosa

It comes from the Greek word ortho – correct and orexis – appetite. It comes down to being obsessed with a healthy diet based on the highest quality products. Ortorektyk has his “only right” ways to produce, prepare and even consume food. Any nutritional compromises are out of the question. Rather, he will give up participation in an event where, he supposes, unhealthy snacks will be served, rather than risk eating something inappropriate.

As a result, he either tries to impose his eating beliefs on others, resulting in conflicts, or stays mainly in his own company, reconciling himself with isolation. Treating more than seriously the requirement for healthy eating and a good knowledge of nutrients, calories etc. do not mean that the orthoretic diet is properly balanced. The elimination of any products potentially containing harmful ingredients (such as improvers, pesticides or preservatives) from the menu significantly depletes the diet, causing serious deficiencies. everyone who, as a result of internal coercion, devotes many hours a day to planning and preparing meals, constantly analyzes health fitness, putting food quality over taste and pleasure in every case, and restaurants are evil.
tanning addiction

Tanning addiction. For a person suffering from tanorexia, pale skin means unhealthy and unattractive at the same time. The logical consequence of this belief is going to the beach or to the solarium to get a beautiful golden skin tone. Over time, the frequency of visits to the solarium increases, as does the time spent sunbathing. To convince a tanoreticist or tanorektyka that he is sufficiently tanned borders on the impossible, because such people have a distorted image of their own body. The effect is excessively dry and prematurely aged skin. Although there have long been warnings about the relationship between skin cancer and sunbathing (US studies say 90 percent of this type of cancer is due to excessive exposure to harmful radiation), tanorectics do not acknowledge them.

Chocolate connoisseurs say that it helps them function more efficiently, prevents hypoglycemia, and increases the culture of dendrites. At the beginning of the 18th century, when chocolate arrived in Poland, it was considered a broad-based medicine. She was supposed to help with rheumatism, sleep problems, throat, rheumatism, potency and even cholera or dysentery. Over time, its heavenly taste was appreciated, but the high price (400 grams cost as much as 12-20 liters of good quality vodka) reserved a drink for a small group of aristocrats. According to scientists, when eating chocolate, the same area is activated in the brain as in the case of addiction, i.e. reward system. Research indicates that the cause is probably the psychostimulatory effect of methylxanthines, which contain cocoa beans. The transition from occasional sweet snacks to systematic replacement of meals with chocolate and situations in which malaise, irritability and lack of energy (intensified to the extent that hinders social roles) pass almost immediately after eating a chocolate bar should be worrying.

Addictions or obsessions?

Some authors propose to consider bigorexia, orthorexia or tanorexia in terms of obsessive compulsive disorder, but many believe that giving them the official status of addiction is only a matter of time. Problems with self-diagnosis They result from a number of defense mechanisms that affect the way events are interpreted, becoming the source of many cognitive errors. Therefore, in case of suspicions, it is best to visit a specialist who, based on the interview, tests, family history and psychological conversation, will assess: whether and to what extent the problem of addiction concerns us.

How to choose an e-cigarette? Is it worth buying? What is the best?

More and more smokers are choosing to buy an electronic cigarette. We suggest what model to choose.

An electronic cigarette is a device that replaces the traditional way of smoking. This method is considered to be less invasive, both for the smoker and his environment, into which less nicotine vapor enters. The e-cigarette consists of two parts; from the battery and from the cartridge or clearomizer.

Older e-cigarette models had cartridges with a wad of water that had nicotine-containing liquids dropped onto them. In newer models, however, clearomizers are used, i.e. special units equipped with a heater, liquid container and mouthpiece. Clearomizer is filled with liquid to the desired amount and screwed to the battery. By pressing a special button, the nicotine liquid is heated and produces steam. The construction of an e-cigarette is simple and its entire operation consists in supplying electricity to the heating unit that heats the liquid. By pulling the resulting steam to the mouth, the smoker supplies himself with nicotine dissolved in the cloud. The liquid that replenishes the e-cigarette is a liquid mixture of dissolved nicotine and propylene glycol or glycerin, and sometimes both of these carriers.


By smoking an e-cigarette you will definitely feel an improvement in your breathing capacity. Each ordinary cigarette has over 4,000 carcinogens that are the result of burning. In the e-cigarette, combustion does not occur, and all its composition is only pure nicotine, flavors and glycerin or propylene glycol.

What e-cigarette for a beginner e-smoker?

Switching to an e-cigarette is not easy. Many people abandon this device because it does not meet their expectations. Meanwhile, the problem is mainly due to the fact that we bought the wrong e-cigarette. Which parameters are worth paying attention to?

construction of the device – good equipment should have, above all, a simple design so that unscrewing and filling it with liquid does not cause a problem. The clearomizer must be capacious, preferably between 1.6 and 2 ml. This amount is enough for a full day of smoking and depending on the strength of the liquid will correspond to one or two packs of cigarettes.

battery – an exhausted battery does not allow us to smoke, and a long charging time can cause that we will reach for a regular cigarette. The battery should have a capacity of about 1300-1500 mAh, which will allow us to use it even for 2 or 3 days on one charge. The frequency of battery charging depends on the frequency of using the e-cigarette. The more often we reach for it, the sooner the battery power will run out. Therefore, make sure that it is as light as possible.

quality of the e-cigarette – the clearomizer should be made of good quality plastic or tempered glass. Ordinary glass clearomizers may break when they fall. Similarly in the case of a battery housing – it should be a solidly finished construction. Any cracks or loose connections can make him quickly refuse to obey.
The question is often asked: which e-cigarette brand is the best? Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer to this question. However, we can assume that the best solution is to buy an e-cigarette from well-known and respected brands, e.g. Mild, Volish or Provag.

Common questions about e-cigarette

1. How do you charge an e-cigarette?

Each set with an e-cigarette comes with a special charger that is screwed to the battery. The batteries on the market have two types of threads: threads 510 and 610. The battery can only be charged with the charger from the set or one with the right type of thread. After screwing the charger with the thread the battery pin touches the charger pin and in this way energy is transported. Charging is usually indicated by a diode on the charger or battery or both diodes at the same time. If the LED is red, the battery is charging, if it turns green, it is fully charged. The time required to charge the battery depends on its capacity and usually lasts from 2 to 5 hours. If you want to use an e-cigarette during this time, you should buy an additional battery or buy a set that consists of two e-cigarettes: vape marketplace.

2. E-cigarette is bubbling – what to do?

Bubbling e-cigarette is usually associated with flooding the air channel. Each clearomizer has a thin tube in the middle, so-called air duct. If we fill this channel with liquid, the air will not have proper circulation and the liquid will flow onto the battery pin. In this situation, unscrew the clearomizer from the battery, blow it onto a tissue on both sides and thoroughly wipe the battery pin and clearomizer pin.

The last of the very common causes of bubbling is a clearomizer leak. If the e-cigarette is bubbling, check that the clearomizer has not come out of the metal ring at its base. If there is a gap there, we need to press the clearomizer into the ring.

Occasionally, bubbling is associated with a skew of the clearomizer stem. In this situation, it should be straightened so that it is arranged vertically to the mouthpiece. If it sticks out in either direction for him, air may come in, causing bubbling.

3. What e-cigarette for a heavy smoker?

Compulsive smokers are accustomed to delivering large doses of nicotine and sometimes using an e-cigarette may not satisfy them. Lack of satisfaction from vaping (smoking an e-cigarette) is caused primarily by a wrongly selected liquid for an e-cigarette. Liquids have specific potencies, from 0 mg nicotine to even 24 or 48 mg nicotine. A heavy smoker should first of all buy a capacious e-cigarette with a strong battery and choose a strong liquid. It is recommended to start with a content of 24 mg, which is strong enough to correspond to a packet of “red” cigarettes. As you smoke, you may feel that this liquid is too strong and reduce its strength to 18 mg, and over time to 12 mg. Over time, some smokers increasingly lower their powers until they reach a liquid with zero nicotine content.

4. Can an e-cigarette be smoked in a public place?

Currently, e-cigarette is classified as a medical device. You cannot smoke in public places and e-cigarettes do not belong to them. Until the Act on Tobacco Products is amended, vaping e-cigarette in such places is allowed. Unfortunately, you have to reckon with the fact that it can cause resistance from bystanders who are not always aware of what an e-cigarette is. Most of them identify steam with smoke and they can veto if we use an e-cigarette with them.

Buying an e-cigarette can be a really sound and positive decision for our body. Smoking it will quickly restore our taste and the possibility of deep breathing.

5. How to replace liquid in an e-cigarette?

Fluid level control is extremely important – if the amount of liquid in the clearomizer is too low, the heater may burn. It is worth remembering to constantly control the device and keep the fluid level at approximately na height. The method of changing the liquid depends on the model of the device, so you should read the instructions and follow the instructions contained in it. The replacement process will depend primarily on the location of the heater – on top heaters, the liquid is refilled after removing the mouthpiece. In turn, the bottom heater system requires pouring the substance from below.

Proven Tips To Aid In The Relief Of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is a condition that can affect people from a variety of backgrounds. It is caused when the sphincter of the esophagus is weakened and the stomach acid gets stronger. Without intervention, the condition can cause a deterioration of health. Here’s some advice to decrease the chances of acid reflux.

Save your beverages for between meals, and skip them during. This can help you cope with hunger as you are going to be thirsty. Additionally, you will help to minimize the amount of acid that is produced.

Fatty foods no more! Fried chicken, pizza, chicken wings and potato chips are the enemy of the GERD sufferer. These foods cause your sphincter to relax, allowing the contents of your stomach, acid and all, to rise back up into your esophagus. Go for meals full of vegetables and lean protein instead.

Once you have eaten, exercising too soon after can definitely make your acid reflux worse. This is because you can force digestive acids upwards as you exercise. You should wait a minimum of an hour or two after eating before engaging in exercise activities.

Learn your trigger foods. When you know what foods or beverages cause you acid reflux, you can avoid them to keep your symptoms to a minimum. Some foods that often cause symptoms are foods that are fried, fatty, spicy and carbonated drinks. These are just some examples and what bothers someone else, might not bother you.

Does your voice crack now and then? If you have a hoarse voice, it could be caused by stomach acid rising into your throat. No, you are not getting a cold. It is acid reflux. Medications, altering your diet and staying upright after you eat could help you get your voice back. If the problem persists, see your doctor.

There are certain foods that trigger acid reflux. Therefore, it’s in your best interest to avoid these if possible. One example is chocolate. While dark chocolate doesn’t appear to be as bad as high-fat milk chocolate, they both contain caffeine and cocoa, which are both known to cause acid reflux.

Take over the counter antacids or acid relievers. These are very helpful in relieving acid reflux for a lot of people. If they do not offer you relief, talk to your doctor about a prescription for your reflux. They can also help relieve symptoms and work to heal your esophageal lining

When you are eating all of your meals, take your time and savor each bite. It is a good idea to put your fork down between each and every bite. This is a good way to stop yourself from overeating, which means a dramatic reduction in all of your acid reflux symptoms.

As stated earlier, many people get acid reflux. Due to a combination of increased acidity in the stomach and sphincter weakening, the condition arises and causes pain for anyone who gets it. Rather than letting acid reflux take its toll on you, you can prevent it from happening. Remember this article and eat in peace.

Photo by vmiramontes

How To Tame Acne And Regain Your Smile

If you are troubled by acne, there may be times when it seems like there is nothing you can do to clear up your skin. Don’t give in to despair. There are many solutions out there for even the most severe cases of acne. This article will help to give you some advice on dealing with it.

Make sure you remember to wash your face even when you are not in the middle of an acne breakout. It is important to get in a routine of washing your face regularly. Ideally, you will want to wash your face once every morning then again before you go to bed.

Try using lemons to combat acne breakouts. Some people find that lemon juice is very effective in getting rid of acne. If you have enlarged pores and oily skin, try applying lemon juice to the area. You should limit the use of lemon juice to only once or twice a week to avoid drying out your skin.

Try not to use washcloths to clean your face with. These can cause or aggravate acne as they can harbor harmful bacteria either from other places you’ve used it or from other areas of your face that had oil and bacteria. Stick to using your hands to clean your face with, just make sure they are clean first.

A great way to prevent acne is by avoiding contact with your face while your hands are dirty. Unless it is absolutely necessary, make sure that you do not touch your face with unclean hands. Bacteria and dirt from your dirty hands clog your pores and eventually form pimples or acne later on.

Here is a way of treating acne that is a little bit off the wall. You want to mix cut up strawberries with sour cream and make sure it is blended well. Then apply the mixture to your face like a beauty mask. This mixture will cool your face and clear up problem areas.

If you want to gain control over your acne, you will need to commit to a very strict skin care regimen. This means you will need to make time in your daily schedule to accommodate washing, exfoliating, toning and moisturizing. Not taking the proper amount of time means you may cut corners and not see the best results possible.

If you feel that your acne is very severe, you can see a dermatologist for potential antibiotics to help your skin from the inside out. Minocycline is one of the best oral treatments that you can take, as it will kill the bacteria that is causing your pimples and redness.

During the summer, you want to protect your skin from the sun as well as breakouts. To do this successfully, make sure to browse the sunscreen aisle for “oil-free” products. It should say this clearly on the label. A product that says “sheer touch” does not necessarily mean it does not contain oil. Sunscreens that do not have oil will be less likely to cause breakouts.

No matter how bad your acne is, your situation isn’t hopeless. Instead of worrying about it, take some action by applying the techniques that you’ve learned in this article. Before long, you’ll begin to see results. Just use what you’ve learned and you’ll soon start to see your skin clear up.